Kamis, 27 September 2012

What is Periodontal Disease?

What is periodontal disease?
* initial lesion
* early lesion
* established lesion
* advanced lesion
Initial lesion

 Healthy gingiva are characterized by small numbers of leukocytes migrating towards the gingival sulcus and residing in the junctional epithelium. Sparse lymphocytes, and plasma cells in particular, may exist just after exiting small blood vessels deep within the underlying connective tissue of the soft tissue between teeth. The initial lesion appears within two to four days of gingival tissue being subjected to plaque accumulation. Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums and bone that surround and support the teeth. Periodontal disease is mostly seen in adults. Periodontal disease and tooth decay are the two biggest threats to dental health. Early lesion Features of the Early Lesion: - Accentuation of features of the initial lesion, such as the considerably greater loss of collagen


Senin, 24 September 2012

What is Foot and Mouth Disease

Foot and mouth disease (FMD): 

History In animals, the foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) typically takes a very rapidly progressing course. The disease is easily transmitted, diagnosed in an affected animal population most all animals. Mortality depends on the development of foot-and-mouth disease and the age of affected animals: _ In adult animals, the foot-and-mouth disease run benign, the mortality rate in this case is less than 5 percent. _ For juveniles, the foot-and-mouth disease is often fatal and for which the mortality rate is up to 70 percent. This is especially true for cattle: The calves usually die of acute heart failure or from the effects of myocarditis. In the rare cases where a person get infected with the virus of foot-and-mouth disease, the course of the infection is completely harmless. Often makes infection with FMD virus not noticeable. If mild symptoms of foot and mouth disease occur, they sound even without treatment after a few days again. In children, however, affect the general condition is usually stronger than in adults.  


Minggu, 23 September 2012

Submandibular Sialadenitis

Sialadenitis The sialadenitis caused by salivary stones, wedged in the salivary gland. These salivary stones are mainly composed of calcium phosphate and carbonate. The saliva can not drain and accumulates in the gland.'' This is a breeding ground for bacteria and viruses that can cause inflammation. To salivary stones occur due to changes in salivary composition or pre-existing conditions, which involve a narrowing of the salivary duct with it, such as cystic fibrosis and mumps. Many patients also have renal and / or gallstones. The sialadenitis manifests itself by swelling, redness, pain and possibly fever. In order to treat the infection, the physician prescribes antibiotics. The salivary stone is removed surgically or otherwise. In 80% of cases the salivary gland inflammation on one side. Most people are between 30 and 50th Affected age. In Germany, approximately 5,000 people are diagnosed with salivary stones. Salivary stones are formed primarily in the major salivary glands, which produce daily about 1.5 to 2 liters of saliva. Usually the submandibular gland is affected. In parotid and sublingual gland incurs less salivary stones. ''


Selasa, 11 September 2012

Clogged Salivary Gland Treatment

clogged salivary gland treatment

Salivary gland diseases. Salivary stones. Salivary gland cysts. (Retention cysts) Salivary gland diseases of the major salivary glands associated with swelling and pain under the tongue, on the lip, floor of the mouth or in front of the ear. They may be purely inflammatory nature such as mumps or by disorders of the salivary outflow on account of salivary stones. It relates to the major salivary glands, parotid and mandibular glands oral floor. The duct of the parotid gland stones are rare.''


Selasa, 28 Agustus 2012

Prevention,Complications, therapy ,History,Symptoms,Causes ,Definition Sialadenitis, Salivary Stone

Sialadenitis, salivary stone

A sialadenitis (= sialadenitis) is generally caused by a saliva stone (= sialolith), which is caught in the duct of the salivary gland: In the behind accumulated saliva bacteria and viruses can multiply and cause inflammation. For the formation of salivary stones (known Sialolithiasis) - and thus for the subsequently formed sialadenitis - as possible causes are a changed composition of saliva and pre-existing diseases (such as cystic fibrosis or mumps) questioned with narrowed gland ducts. A salivary stone can humans generally develop in any salivary gland of the head, most of it, however, occurs in one of the major salivary glands. Predominantly salivary stones are formed there in the third to fifth decade of life, but also children can be affected.''


Minggu, 12 Agustus 2012

Inflammation of the Salivary Glands (Definition,causes,Symptoms,Diagnosis,Therapy,Course,Prevention Salivary Glands,)

Inflammation of the salivary glands

Can be accumulated in the underlying salivary bacteria and viruses multiply and cause inflammation: a salivary gland infection (sialadenitis =) is generally caused by a salivary stone (= Sialolith), who is trapped in the duct of the salivary gland. For the formation of salivary stones (sialolithiasis called) - and thus the resulting salivary gland inflammation below - come as causes an altered composition of saliva and pre-existing conditions (such as cystic fibrosis or mumps) glands challenged with narrow aisles. A salivary stone may develop in humans, in principle, each salivary gland of the head, most of it, however, occurs in one of the major salivary glands. Predominantly salivary stones are there in the third to fifth decade of life may, however, children may be affected.''

An inflammation of the salivary gland usually shows itself suddenly and unilaterally (after mumps but rather both sides). Whether a salivary stone alone triggers (ie without concurrent salivary gland inflammation) symptoms, depending on its location and size. Typically, salivary gland inflammation and salivary stones by a noticeable swelling of the affected gland and pain. Often, the symptoms take to eating, because this is more saliva. In addition, the skin can become red in the area of ​​the affected gland and fever occur. It is generally recommended for a salivary gland inflammation, to stimulate saliva production (through so-called salivary Locker: eg acidic, sugar-free candies, chewing gums or beverages), to clean the salivary gland by the increased flow of saliva and thus may carry a small salivary stone to the outside. For the treatment of salivary gland inflammation and pain-relieving anti-inflammatory drugs may be used; help antibiotics against bacterial pathogens. It is also advisable to remove an inflammation of the underlying salivary stone surgically or by using other methods to eliminate the accumulation of saliva. Adequately addressed the salivary gland inflammation usually has a favorable prognosis.''


Burning Mouth Syndrome

It's a tingling or burning sensation in the mouth that many patients fear is oral cancer, but Burning Mouth Syndrome is fairly easy to treat once a diagnosis is made.''

Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a painful, frustrating condition often described as a scalding sensation in the tongue, lips, palate, or throughout the mouth. Although BMS can affect anyone, it occurs most commonly in middle-aged or older women.

BMS often occurs with a range of medical and dental conditions, from nutritional deficiencies and menopause to dry mouth and allergies. But their connection is unclear, and the exact cause of burning mouth syndrome cannot always be identified with certainty.''


Rabu, 04 Juli 2012

Tongue Problem Basics

Though often hailed as "the strongest muscle in the body," the tongue is actually made up of a group of muscles that allow us to taste food, swallow, and talk. A healthy tongue is pink and covered with small nodules called papillae.''

Because you use your tongue constantly, it can be frustrating and uncomfortable when you experience tongue problems, including discoloration and soreness. There are a variety of causes for a number of common tongue symptoms. Fortunately, the majority of tongue problems are not serious and most can be resolved quickly.''

In some instances, however, a discolored or painful tongue can indicate more serious conditions, including vitamin deficiencies, AIDS, or oral cancer. For this reason, it is important to seek medical advice if you experience any ongoing problems with your tongue.''


Selasa, 03 Juli 2012

Tonsil Cancer (MD Anderson)

MD Anderson
"At first I felt, I had a lump up here on my neck and continued to get larger.

I was recommended to get a needle biopsy and the test result came that I had Tonsil Cancer. That was 14 months ago. I was referred to the University of Kansas Medical Center, where they wanted to do and I was schedule for a radical neck surgery, where they were going to open my up from ear to ear, and take out ALL the lymph nods, and salivary glands, and necrotic glands. Take out every thing off my neck. I was not  very exited about THAT TYPE OF DISFIGURING\, surgical solutions. That was the only option at the University of Kansas Medical Center.''

I decided to get a second opinion at MD Anderson Cancer Institute; in Houston, Texas. The second opinion was that surgery was not the appropriate option, They said they don't treat this type of tumors with surgery; they treat it with what they call induction chemotherapy for a couple of weeks, and then they use high dose radiation, about 30 rounds of high dose radiation.''


Senin, 02 Juli 2012

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a condition in which the gums, deeper supporting tissue, and potentially the bone surrounding teeth become infected and inflamed. Gum disease starts with plaque on the teeth, a sticky white substance that coats teeth. It's formed when bacteria in the mouth mixes with saliva and residues from starchy foods and sugar in your diet. If plaque isn't properly removed from teeth by brushing and flossing, it accumulates and hardens underneath the gumline into tartar. Once tartar builds up, it's much more difficult to remove than plaque and usually requires a cleaning at the dentist. Over time, it can lead to inflamed gums, or gingivitis. This is a mild form of gum disease. One of the most common symptoms is darker red gums that bleed with brushing or flossing. Professional cleaning can reverse gingivitis.


Gum Disease

Gum disease is very common. In the UK, it is estimated that half the adult population has some degree of gum disease and most people experience it at least once. It is much less common in children. If you have gum disease, your gums may bleed when you brush your teeth and you may have bad breath. In severe cases, a condition called periodontitis can develop. It affects the tissues that support teeth and hold them in place. Each year in the UK there are about six cases of severe periodontitis for every 100,000 people.''

If periodontitis is not treated, the bone in your jaw can decay and small spaces can open up between the gum and teeth. Your teeth can become loose and may eventually fall out. about the symptoms of gum disease. What causes gum disease? Gum disease is caused by a build-up of plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky substance that contains bacteria. Some bacteria in plaque is harmless, but some is very harmful for the health of your gums. If you do not remove plaque from your teeth by brushing them, it will build up and irritate your gums, leading to inflammation and soreness. About the causes of gum disease. ''


Sabtu, 30 Juni 2012

What is a Toothache? (Toothache Treatment)

* Over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) may be used. Take these as directed on the package and around the clock on a schedule while you arrange a dental appointment.
* Avoid very cold or hot foods because this may make the pain worse.
*Relief may be obtained from biting on a cotton ball soaked in oil of cloves. Oil of cloves is available at most drug stores.''

"Toothache" usually refers to pain around the teeth or jaws primarily as a result of a dental condition. In most instances, toothaches are caused by tooth problems, such as a dental cavity, a cracked tooth, an exposed tooth root, or gum disease. However, disorders of the jaw joint (temporo-mandibular joint) can also cause pain that is referred to as "toothache." The severity of a toothache can range from chronic and mild to sharp and excruciating. The pain may be aggravated by chewing or by cold or heat. A thorough oral examination, which includes dental X-rays, can help determine whether the toothache is coming from a tooth or jaw problem and the cause.''


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